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In a study of arguments that intersex people fit into a third gender classification, intersex scholar Morgan Holmes argues that much analysis of a third sex or third gender is simplistic: much of the existing work on cultural systems that incorporate a 'third sex' portray simplistic visions in which societies with more than two sex/gender categories are cast as superior to those that divide the world into just two.
I argue that to understand whether a system is more or less oppressive than another we have to understand how it treats its various members, not only its 'thirds'.
However, the state of personally identifying as, or being identified by society as, a man, a woman, or other, is usually also defined by the individual's gender identity and gender role in the particular culture in which they live.
Not all cultures have strictly defined gender roles.
The term third is usually understood to mean "other"; some anthropologists and sociologists have described fourth, genders.
The hijras, of India, are one of the most recognized and socially accepted groups of third genders.Third gender or third sex is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves or by society, as neither man nor woman.It is also a social category present in societies that recognize three or more genders.Nearly half of those interviewed were healers or in the medical profession.A majority of them, again like their Eastern counterparts, were artistic enough to make a living from their abilities.